"Intervertebral disc disease in Dachshunds radiographically screened for intervertebral disc calcifications."

Dachshunds are a breed most commonly affected by invertertebral disc disease (IDD), a neurological disease. Regarding dachshunds, IDD tends to have a hereditary background and can be associated with intervertebral dis calcification (IDC), which is an indicator of severe intervertebral disc degeneration. In Finland, spinal radiography is used to screen for IDC with dachshunds. In this paper in Acta Veterinaria Scandinavia, a group of scientists sent a questionanarie to the owners of radiographically screened dachshunds aged at least ten yeats. Clinical signs of relating to IDD were compared to IDC grade (no calcifications, more calcifications, etc.) and with age at the time of the radiograph. The results showed that IDD was common, with 31% of the population of dogs affected. IDD and IDC were found to be very clearly connected--IDD was rare in dogs with no calcifications and very common in dogs with severe IDC. This showed that radiographically detected IDC and IDD are common among Finnish dachshunds and are clearly associated with one another. It also shows, perhaps most importantly, that spinal radiography is an appropriate tool to screen for IDD and IDC for breeders trying to diminish the disease in dachshunds. Two to three years of age is a suitable age of screening for dachshunds.

 

Lappalainen, Anu K., Vaittinen, Elina, Junnila, Jouni, Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Outi. Intervertebral disc disease in Dachshunds radiographically screened forintervertebral disc calcifications. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. 56. 150-163