Curriculum Vitae

John Baugh

Margaret Bush Wilson Professor in Arts and Sciences
Professor of Psychology, Anthropology,
Education, English & Linguistics

Washington University in St. Louis
Campus Box 1109, 226 McMillan Hall
St. Louis, MO 63130
Tel: (314) 935-5960Fax: (314) 935-5631


Washington University in St. Louis

Margaret Bush Wilson Professor in Arts and Sciences2005-Present
Professor of Psychology, Anthropology, Education, English & Linguistics
Director, African and African American Studies Program

Stanford University

Professor Emeritus of Education and, by courtesy, Linguistics 2005-Present
Professor of Education and, by courtesy, Linguistics1990-2005
Director, Stanford Teacher Education Program1994-96

Swarthmore College

Eugene M. Lang Visiting Professor for Issues of Social Change1996-97
Assistant Professor of Sociology and Anthropology1978-79
Lecturer, Black Studies, Linguistics, Sociology & Anthropology1975-78

University of Texas at Austin

Associate Professor of Linguistics, Anthropology, and Foreign 1984-90
Language Education
Assistant Professor of Linguistics and Anthropology1979-84

Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, CA

Research Fellow1988-89

Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC

Visiting Scholar 1982-83



Ph.D., Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania1979

M.A., Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania1976

B.A., Speech/Rhetoric, Temple University1972

Dissertation: Linguistic Style Shifting in Black English

Committee: William Labov (Supervisor), John Fought, Dell Hymes, Erving Goffman



Pioneer of Fair Housing, United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, in support of advancing Civil Rights nationally (2004).

Principal Investigator and Project Director, The Ford Foundation: Linguistic Profiling: Unequal Access to Fair Housing, Education, and Equal Employment Opportunities (2002-05).

Subcontract P.I. in collaboration with William Labov at the University of Pennsylvania, O.E.R.I. and National Science Foundation: Literacy education for African American and English Language Learning Students (1998-2001).

St. Clair Drake Teaching Award, Stanford University (1992-93, 1999-2000).

Educator of the Year, 100 Black Men of Silicon Valley, Inc. (1999).

Principal Investigator, O.E.R.I./National Center for Postsecondary Information, community college survey of K-12 teacher preparation (1995-98).

Principal Investigator, O.E.R.I./Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE), national survey of categorical programs in service to language minority students (1992-95).

Principal Investigator, National Science Foundation: Linguistic Diversity, Literacy and Related Consequences for Human Health and Environmental Change, Award No. 9196039 (1991-1993).

Fellowship, Center For Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (1988-89).

National Science Foundation (#BNS87-00864) in support of CASBS fellowship.

President s Associate Teaching Excellence Award, University of Texas (1988-89).

Faculty Research Award, University of Texas Research Institute (1988-89).

Travel Award to the 16th International Congress of Linguistics in Berlin, National Science Foundation (1987).

Research Award, University of Texas Policy Research Institute (1986).

Choice Outstanding Academic Book Award for Black Street Speech (1984).

Postdoctoral Fellowship for American Minorities, National Research Council and Ford Foundation (1982-83).

Grant-in-aid, The American Council of Learned Societies (1980-81).

Summer Research Award, University of Texas Research Institute (1980, 1982).

Fontaine Fellow, University of Pennsylvania (1974-78).

Research Fellow for William Labov, National Science Foundation (1973-74).

Travel and Study Award, The Ford Foundation (1972-1973).



Director, African and African American Studies, Washington University in St. Louis (2005-Present).

Project Director/Principal Investigator, American Linguistic Heritage Survey (in association with the Ford Foundation project on Linguistic Profiling) (2002-Present).

Director, Stanford Teacher Education Program (1994-96).

Vice-Chair, Board of Trustees, Center for Applied Linguistics (1983-1989).

President, American Dialect Society (1992-94).

Vice-President, American Dialect Society (1991-92).

Chairman, American Linguistics Research Institute, Inc. (1986-88).



Member, Board of Directors, St. Louis Black Repertory Theatre, St. Louis, MO (2005-Present).

Member, Board of Directors, Oracle Education Foundation, Inc., Redwood City, CA (2004-Present).

Member, Board of Directors, Raising a Reader, Center for Venture Philanthropy, Menlo Park, CA (2003-Present).

Member, Board of Directors, Consortium for Social Science Associations, Washington, D.C., representing the Linguistic Society of America (2001-Present).

Member, Board of Directors, Shoot for the Stars, Inc. (1995-Present).

Founding Member, Board of Directors, Eastside College Preparatory School, East Palo Alto, CA (1996-Present).

Member, African American Advisory Board, Alzheimers Disease Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine (2006-Present).

International Linguistic Advisory Committee, Merriam Webster s Collegiate Dictionary (1997-Present).

Linguistic Usage Advisory Committee, American Heritage College Dictionary (1996-Present).

Member, Advisory Committee, Carnegie Center for the Study of Adolescence, Stanford University (1996-Present).

Elected representative to Executive Committee, Linguistic Society of America (1998-2001).

Postdoctoral Advisory Committee, National Research Council and Ford Foundation (1998-2001).

Postdoctoral Advisory Committee to the five National O.E.R.I. Research Institutes (1998-2002).

Language Policy Advisory Committee, American Association of Applied Linguistics (1998-2001).

National Linguistic Advisory Committee, Corporation for Public Broadcasting/PBS, for the documentary Do You Speak American? (1997-2004).

Member, National Advisory Committee for the Human Capital Initiative, Linguistics Program, National Science Foundation (1995).

Member, National Advisory Committee for Social, Behavior, and Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation (1992-95).

Linguistic Advisory Committee Member, Center for the International Exchange of Scholars/Fulbright Scholars program (1990-93).

Advisory Committee Member, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and United Negro College Fellowship program for Faculty at Historically Black Colleges, (1990-96).

Research Advisory Panel, Educational Testing Services (1990-96).

Member, Committee on Education and Linguistics, Linguistic Society of America (1994-98).

Member, Board of Directors, American Linguistics Research Institute (1985-88).

Member, Board of Directors, George Washington Carver Museum, Austin, TX (1984-90).

Member, National Advisory Committee, PBS, for The Story of English, a nine-hour documentary on the history and diversity of the English language (1997).

Numerous reviews for NSF, NEH, NIH, CASBS, O.E.R.I, U.S. Dept. of Education, private foundations, and various journals related to Linguistics and Education.



American Anthropological Association

American Association of Applied Linguistics

American Educational Research Association

American Dialect Society

Linguistic Society of America

Modern Language Association

National Council of Teachers of English

Teachers of English to Speakers of other Languages



Member, Editorial Board, Intercultural Communication Studies, Trinity University (2004-Present)

Member, Editorial Board, Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, Cambridge University Press (2004-Present).

Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (2001-Present).

Member, Editorial Board, Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey, 4 vols., Cambridge University Press, Edited by F. Newmeyer (1988).

Member, Editorial Board, McGill Journal of Education, McGill University (1993-98).

Member, Editorial Board, American Speech, American Dialect Society (1983-89).

Member, Editorial Board, Texas Linguistics Series, University of Texas Press (1984-90).



Advancing distinguished scholarship of and by people of African descent in all academic disciplines, including traditional studies and pre-professional training. Linguistic profiling and various forms of linguistic discrimination based on race, sex, age, sexual orientation, region, and class in advanced industrialized societies. Applied Linguistics, including educational and social applications of linguistic science, with special emphasis on the problems of minority groups. Applications of linguistics to teacher education. Sociolinguistics, specializing in quantitative analyses of linguistic variation and languages/dialects in contact. Controlled experiments of housing discrimination based on speech. Policy analyses of language minority students, including speakers of nonstandard dialects. Studies of professional negligence and malpractice in educational contexts. Linguistic diversity and literacy. Language attitude analyses and related policy implications. Linguistic prejudice and discrimination. Historical linguistics. Interdisciplinary approaches to discourse analyses. International comparisons of educational needs and development in socially stratified speech communities. Analyses of linguistic background and differential access to health care. Language, equity, and environmental change. Development of econolinguistic theory as a linguistic diagnostic in support of public policies for education, medicine, and law.



Books Authored

Beyond Ebonics: Linguistic Pride and Racial Prejudice. New York: Oxford University Press (2000).

Out of the Mouths of Slaves: African American Language and Educational Malpractice. Austin: University of Texas Press (1999).

Black Street Speech: Its History, Structure and Survival. Austin: University of Texas Press (1983). Recipient of 1984-85 Choice Outstanding Academic Book Award.

Japanese Translation of Black Street Speech, by Takeshi Higashi, Ph.D., Tokyo: New Currents International Co., Ltd. (1989).

Edited Volumes

With H. Samy Alim. Talkin Black Talk: Language, Education, and Social Change. New York: Teachers College Press (2006).

With Salikoko Mufwene, John Rickford, and Guy Bailey. African American English: Structure, History and Use. London:Routledge (1998).

With Gregory Guy, Crawford Feagin, and Deborah Schriffrin. A Social Science of Language, Vol. 2, Social Interaction and Discourse Structures. Philadelphia: John Benjamins (1997).

With Gregory Guy, Crawford Feagin, and Deborah Schriffrin. A Social Science of Language, Vol. 1, Variation and Change in Language and Society. Philadelphia: John Benjamins (1996).

With Joel Sherzer. Language in Use: Readings in Sociolinguistics. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall (1984).

With K. Ferrara, B. Brown, and K. Walters. Linguistic Change and Contact, Texas Linguistics Forum 30: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference on New Ways of Analyzing Variation. Austin: Department of Linguistics, University of Texas (1988).

Selected Articles and Chapters

Econolinguistics in the USA. In Wayne Herbert et al. (eds.) Language and Poverty. Multilingual Matters (2009): 67-77.

With Aaron Welborn. The Hidden Linguistic Legacies of Brown v. Board and No Child Left Behind. In Jerrie Scott et al. (ed.), Affirming students right to their own language: bridging language policies and pedagogical practices. Champaign-Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English (2009): 41-54.

The Ebonics Elephant in the Room: Antiracism and Linguistic Stereotypes. In Mica Pollock (ed.), Everyday Antiracism: 50 Ways to Successfully Navigate the Relevance of Race in School. New York: The New Press (Spring 2008).

Valuing Nonstandard English. In Mica Pollack (ed.), Everyday Anti-racism. The New Press (2008): 102-106.

Attitudes towards Variation and Ear-Witness Testimony: Linguistic Profiling and Voice Discrimination in the Quest for Fair Housing and Fair Lending. In Robert Bayley and Ceil Lucas (eds.), Sociolinguistic Variation: Theory, Methods, and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2007).

Linguistic Contributions to the Advancement of Racial Justice within and beyond the African Diaspora. Linguistics and Language Compass: An On-line Journal. Malden, MA: Blackwell, Vol. 1, No. 4 (2007): 331-334.

Teaching English among Linguistically Diverse Students. In Janina Brutt-Griffler and Catherine E. Davies (eds.), English and Ethnicity. New York: Palgrave Macmillan (2006).

Linguistic Considerations Pertaining to Brown v. Board: Exposing Racial Fallacies in the New Millennium. In Arnetha Ball (ed.), NSSE Yearbook 2006: With More Deliberate Speed: Achieving Equity and Excellence in Education Realizing the Full Potential of Brown v. Board of Education. Malden, MA: Blackwell: 90-101.

It Aint About Race: Some Lingering (Linguistic) Consequences of the African Slave Trade and Their Relevance to Your Personal Historical Hardship Index. Du Bois Review, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2006): 145-159.

Conveniently Black: Self-Delusion and the Racial Exploitation of African America. Featured Article in Du Bois Review, Vol. 2, No. 1 (2005): 1-14.

Standard English and Academic English (Dialect) Learners in the African Diaspora. In Anne Curzan and Alicia Beckford (eds.), Journal of English Linguistics. Vol. 33, No. 1 (2004): 1-13.

Ebonics and its controversy. In Edward Finnegan and John Rickford (eds.), Language in the USA. Cambridge University Press (2004): 305-318.

Linguistic Profiling. In Sinfree Makoni, Geneva Smitherman, Arnetha F. Ball and Arthur K. Spears (eds.), Black Linguistics: Language Society and Politics in Africa and the Americas. London: Routledge Press (2003).

African American Language and Literacy. In M. Schleppegrell and M.C. Colombi (eds.), Developing Advanced Literacy in First and Second Languages: Meaning with Power. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum (2002): 177-188.

Applying linguistic knowledge of African American English to help

students learn and teachers teach. In Sonja Lanehart (ed), Sociocultural and Historical Contexts of African American English. Philadephia: John Benjamins (2001): 319-330.

Variation. In Alesandro Duranti (ed.), Key Terms in Language and Culture. Malden, MA.: Blackwell (2001): 260-263.

A dissection of style-shifting. In Penelope Eckert and John Rickford (eds.),

Style and Sociolinguistic Variation. Cambridge University Press (2001): 109-119.

American Parallel: Racial Conflict and the Ebonics Controversy: Ethnolinguistic Conflict & The Quest for Educational Enhancement. In Ruth Wodak (ed.), Loss of Communication in the Information Age. Vienna: Institute
Fur Sprachwissenschaft (2001): 8-17.

The Ebonics Controversy. In R. Mestrie (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Sociolinguistics. London: Kluwer (2001).

Variation. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology. Washington: American Anthropological Association (2000): 259-262.

Educational Malpractice and the Miseducation of Language Minority Students. In Joan Kelly Hall and William G. Eggington (eds.), The Sociopolitics of English Language Teaching. Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters (2000): 104-116.

Educational Implications of Ebonics. In J. David Ramirez, Terrence G. Wiley, Gerda de Klerk, and Enid Lee (eds.), Ebonics in the Urban Education Debate. Long Beach: Center for Language Minority Education and Research (1999): 43-50.

With Thomas Purnell and William Idsardi. Perceptual and Phonetic Experiments on American English Dialect Identification. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Vol. 18, No. 1 (1999): 10-30.

Linguistic Discrimination in Educational Contexts. In Ruth Wodak and David Corson (eds.), Language Policy and Political Issues in Education, Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Vol. 1, Chapter 8. The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group (1998).

Researching Race and Social Class in Language Acquisition and Use. In Nancy H. Hornberger and David Corson (eds.), Research Methods in Language and Education, Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Vol. 8, Chapter 11. The Netherlands: Kluwer (1998).

Linguistics, Education, and the Law: Educational Reform for African American Language Minority Students. In Salikoko Mufwene, et al (eds.), African American English: Structure, History, and Use. London: Routledge (1998): 282-301.

Dialect. The World Book Encyclopedia, World Book Publishing: Chicago (1998): 180.

Whats in a name? That by which we shall call the linguistic consequences of Slavery. Quarterly of the National Writing Project 17.9. Berkeley: School of Education (1997).

Dimensions of a Theory of Econolinguistics. In Greg Guy et al (eds.), A Social Science of Language. Philadelphia: John Benjamins (1996): 397-419.

Perceptions within a variable paradigm: Black and white detection and identification based on speech. In E. Schneider (ed.), Varieties of English Around the World: Focus on the USA. Philadelphia: John Benjamins (1996): 169-182.

The Law, Linguistics, and Education: Educational Reform for African American Language Minority Students. Linguistics and Education, Vol. 7 (1995): 87-105.

Research Trends for Black American English. In A. Wayne Glowka and Donald M. Lance (eds.), Language Variation in North American English: Research and Teaching. New York: Modern Language Association (1993): 153-163.

New and Prevailing Misconceptions of African AmericanEnglish for Logic and Mathematics. In Etta R. Hollins, Joyce E. King, and Warren C. Hayman (eds.), Teaching Diverse Populations: Formulating a Knowledge Base. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press (1993): 263-287.

Adapting Dialectology: the conduct of community language studies. In Dennis Preston (ed.), American Dialect Research. Philadelphia: John Benjamins (1993): 167-192.

Discrimination. In H.P. Nelde, et al. (eds), International Handbook of Contact Linguistics. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter (1993).

Hypocorrection: Mistakes in production of vernacular African American English as a Second Dialect. Language and Communication, Vol. 12, No. 3 (1992): 317-26.

Changing Terms of Self-reference among American Slave Descendants. American Speech, Vol. 66, No. 2 (1991): 133-46.

Language and race: some implications for linguistic science. In F. Newmeyer (ed.), Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey, Vol. 4. Cambridge University Press (1988): 64-74.

Why What Works hasn't worked for nontraditional students. Journal of Negro Education 57 (1988): 417-31.

The situational dimension of linguistic power. Language Arts, Vol. 64, No. 2 (1987): 234-40.

Bilingualism and Bidialectalism among American Minorities. Journal of International Research on Applied Linguistics (1986): 84-90.

Linguistic diversity and justice in America: growing complexity in a traditional national paradox. Urban Resources, Vol. 3, No. 3 (1985): 31-34, 61.

Steady: progressive aspect in black English. American Speech, Vol. 50, No. 1 (1984): 3-12.

Chicano English: the anguish of definition. In J. Ornstein-Galicia (ed.), Form and Function in Chicano English. Rowley, MA: Newbury House. (1984): 1-14.

A survey of Afro-American English. Annual Review of Anthropology 12 (1983): 335-54.

Bi-Pidginization and African related Creole development. Southwest Journal of Linguistics, Vol. 6, No. 2 (1983): 166-84.

A reexamination of the black English copula. In William Labov (ed.), Locating Language in Time and Space. New York: Academic Press (1980): 106-33.

The politics of black power handshakes. In Natural History (October 1978): 34-40 (reprinted often in other volumes).

Selected Book Reviews

Walt Wolfram and Erik Thomas. The Development of African American English. In Language in Society, 35(1) (2006), 152.

Robert Debski, June Gassin, and Mike Smith (eds.). Language Learning Through Social Computing: Occasional Papers of the Applied Linguistics Association of Australia, 16. Melbourne: ALAA & The Horwood Language Centre (1997). In Studies in Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge University Press (1999): 502-03.

Traute Ewers. Ancient Black English and the Hoo Doo Texts. In Language in Society (1998).

Teun A. Van Dijk. Communicating Racism. In American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 94, No. 3 (1988): 683-85.

Eleanor Wilson Orr. Twice as Less: Black English and the performance of Black Students in Mathematics and Science. In Harvard Educational Review, Vol. 58, No. 3 (1988): 395-403.

Michael B. Montgomery and Guy Bailey (eds.). Language Variety in the South: Perspectives in Black and White. In American Speech, Vol. 63, No. 3 (1988): 265-71.

Nessa Wolfson and Joan Manes (eds.). Language of Inequality. In Language, Vol. 62, No. 4 (1986): 923-27.


Member, Stanford University Planning and Policy Board

Member, Stanford University Faculty Senate

Member, Stanford University Graduate Studies Committee

Coordinator, Ad Hoc Committee for the Applied Linguistics Program, Stanford University

Chair, Black Community Services Center, Directors Search Committee, Stanford University

Member, Provosts committee on minority recruitment and retention, Stanford University

Member, Carnegie Center for the Study of Adolescence, Stanford University

Member, University Librarian Search Committee, Stanford University

Member, Language Literacy & Culture, Area Committee, Stanford University

Member, Social Science and Educational Policy, Area Committee, Stanford University

Member, Symbolic Systems Research Program, Stanford University

Member, Black Community Service Center, Stanford, University

Member, African American Men at Stanford

Faculty Advisor: Haas Center for Public Service

Faculty Advisor: Mellon Foundation grants for minority teachers

Faculty Advisor: Undergraduate Scholars Program at Stanford

Faculty Escort: Alumni and Undergraduate excursions to South Africa

Numerous other ad hoc assignments, including confidential conflict resolution



Confidential linguistic consultation has been provided through legal testimony, depositions, and meetings with members of legal firms. Additional consultation has been provided at least once to each of the following organizations:

Alameda County Office of Education, Hayward, CA

American Association of Applied Linguistics

Apple Computer Corporation, Cupertino, CA

California State Department of Education, Sacramento, CA

The Council for the International Exchange of Scholars

Delaware State National Advisory Committee for Systemic Reform

Developmental Learning Materials, Dallas, TX

Eastside College Preparatory School, East Palo Alto, CA

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ

The Gordy Foundation, Los Angeles, CA

The Hungarian Academy of Science, Budapest, Hungary

The Johnson Foundation, Racine, WI

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY

The Modern Language Association, New York, NY

The National Endowment for the Humanities, Washington, DC

The National Fair Housing Alliance, Washington, DC

The National Institute of Education, Washington, DC

The National Research Council, Washington, DC

The National School Boards Association, Arlington, VA

The National Science Foundation, Washington, DC

The New York Times, New York, NY

Public Broadcasting System, Washington, DC

The Oakland Unified Public School District, Oakland, CA

The Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY

The United Negro Colleges, New York, NY

The United States Department of Education

The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development

The University of Vienna, Applied Linguistics Institute

Extensive private consultation with attorneys concerned with human voice recognition



Home Address:7511 Pershing Avenue, #2W
University City, MO 63130
(650) 520-3313
Birthday:December 10, 1949