Research

Published and Working Papers

Space and Time: Understanding the Changes in the American Landscape (manuscript in progress)

"Political Centralization, Federalism and Urban Development: Evidence From US and Canadian Capital Cities," (with Marc Law) Social Science History, forthcoming

"History, Institutions and Cities: A View from the Americas," (with Marc Law) Journal of Regional Science 2012

"The Rise of the Regulatory State: A View from the Progressive Era," (with Marc Law) in Handbook on the Politics of Regulation, edited by D. Levi-Faur, Edward Elgar 2011

"Political Centralization and Urban Primacy: Evidence from National and Provincial Capitals in the Americas," (with Sebastian Galiani) in Understanding Long-Run Economic Growth: Essays in Honor of Kenneth L. Sokoloff, edited by D. Costa and N. Lamoreaux, NBER and the University of Chicago Press 2011

"Kinship Institutions and Sex Ratios in India," (with Tanika Chakraborty) Demography, 2010 47 (4): 989-1012,  Previous version titled “Caste, Kinship and Sex Ratios in India” is available as NBER Working Paper No. 13828

“British Colonial Institutions and Economic Development in India,” (with Shilpi Kapur) NBER Working Paper 12613

“Immigration, Industrial Revolution and Urbanization in the United States, 1820-1920: Factor Endowments, Technology and Geography,” NBER Working Paper No. 12900

"Institutions and U.S. Regional Development: A Study of Massachusetts and Virginia," Journal of Institutional Economics 2009 5(2): 181-205. Previous version available as NBER Working Paper No. 13431

"Spatial Inequality and Development: Theories, Facts and Policies," in Urbanization and Growth edited by R. Buckley, P. Annez and M. Spence. 2009. Washington DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and World Bank (Also available as Commission on Growth and Development Working Paper #16)

"Changes in the Nature of Urban Spatial Structures in the United States, 1890-2000," Journal of Regional Science 2007 47 (2): 273-287. (See NBER Working Paper 8857 for an earlier version)

"Urbanization," The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, 2007

“Division of Labor and the Rise of Cities: Evidence from U.S. Industrialization, 1850-1880,” Journal of Economic Geography 2006 6: 469-491 (NBER Working Paper 12246)

“Industrialization and Urbanization: Did the Steam Engine Contribute to the Growth of Cities in the United States?” Explorations in Economic History 2005 42 (4): 586-598 (NBER Working Paper 11206)

“Specialization and Regulation: The Rise of Professionals and the Emergence of Occupational Licensing Regulation in America,” (with Marc Law) Journal of Economic History 2005 65 (3): 723-756,  (NBER Working Paper 10467)

“Historical Perspectives on U.S. Economic Geography,” (with Robert Margo) Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Volume 4, V. Henderson and J. Thisse, eds., North-Holland, 2004,  (NBER Working Paper 9594)

“Markets and Multiunit Firms from an American Historical Perspectives,” Advances in Strategic Management 2001 18: 305-326 (NBER Working Paper 8232)

“Urban Development in the United States, 1690-1990,” Southern Economic Journal 2000 66 (4): 855-880 (NBER Working Paper 7120)

“The Growth of Modern Business Enterprises in the Twentieth Century,” Research in Economic History 1999 19: 75-110

“The Rise of Multiunit Firms in U.S. Manufacturing,” Explorations in Economic History 1999 36 (4): 360-386 (See NBER Working Paper #6425 for an earlier version)

“Decomposing U.S. Regional Incomes,” Journal of Economic History, 1999 59 (3): 779-786

“Regions, Resources and Economic Geography: The Sources of U.S. Regional Comparative Advantage, 1880-1987,” Regional Science and Urban Economics 1999 29 (1): 1-32

“Economic Integration and Convergence: U.S. Regions, 1840-1990,” Journal of Economic History 1998 58 (3): 659-683 (See NBER Working Paper #6335 for a longer version)

“Expansion of Markets and the Geographic Distribution of Economic Activities: The Trends in U.S. Regional Manufacturing Structure, 1860-1987,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 110 (4): 881-908