CV and Bio

Brief Bio

Glenn Stone is an anthropologist whose work centers on the politics and ecology of food and agriculture, including smallholder, alternative, and capitalist industrial agriculture and agricultural biotechnology (GMO’s).  His ethnographic fieldwork has been in Nigeria, India, the Philippines, and Appalachia, with additional research in prehistoric archaeology in the US Midwest and Southwest and in a biotechnology laboratory.  Author of one book and and over 60 academic articles, he has been awarded fellowships by the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the School for Advanced Research, and most recently the Simon Guggenheim Foundation. He is past president of the Anthropology & Environment Society.  He is currently Professor of Anthropology and Environmental Studies at Washington University in St. Louis.


Curriculum Vitae


  • 1988 Ph.D. Univ. of Arizona (Anthropology)
  • 1982 M.A. Univ. of Arizona (Anthropology)
  • 1977 B.A. Northwestern Univ.

Academic Employment

  • 2004- Professor of Anthropology and Environmental Studies, Washington Univ.
  • 1995-2004 Assoc. Professor of Anthropology and Environmental Studies, Washington Univ.
  • 2001-02 Research Fellow, University College London.
  • 1993-95 Assoc. Professor of Anthropology, Columbia Univ.
  • 1988-93 Asst. Professor of Anthropology, Columbia Univ.

Research Interests

Ecological and agricultural anthropology, political ecology, sustainable agriculture, crop biotechnology, agricultural industrialization, settlement patterns, population, conflict, web-based scholarship; India, Philippines, subSaharan Africa, rural U.S. Current research concerns crop biotechnology, commodification of information, indigenous knowledge and agricultural skilling/deskilling, US small farms.

Fellowships and Awards

  • Guggenheim Fellow, 2016-2017.
  • National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship, "Biotechnology and the Meaning of the Warangal Suicides." 2002.
  • American Anthropological Association, Gordon Willey Prize for best archaeology paper appearing in American Anthropologist between 1998-2000 (with C. Downum). 2000.
  • Wenner-Gren Foundation, Richard C. Hunt Fellowship. 1993.
  • School of Advanced Research, Santa Fe, Weatherhead Fellowship, "Ethnoarchaeology of a Frontier: Agrarian Production and the Evolution of a Settlement System." 1987-88.

Research Support (selected)

  • John Templeton Foundation, "GM Crops and Indigenous Management." $239,209. 2013-16. (PI)
  • National Science Foundation, Cultural Anthropology, "Biotechnology and the Political Ecology of Information in Andhra Pradesh." $152,289. 2003-05. (PI) [pdf]. Supplement, $13,348. 2005-06 (PI) [pdf]
  • Wenner-Gren Foundation, "Genetically Modified Crops in Developing Nations: Multi-Sited Ethnography of the Effects on Agricultural Sustainability." $18,600. 2000-02. (PI)
  • National Science Foundation, Scholar's Award for Methodological Training in Cultural Anthropology, "Crop Biotechnology for Developing Countries." $49,000. 2000-01. (PI)
  • National Science Foundation, Cultural Anthropology and Human Dimensions of Global Change, "Historical Ecology on a Nigerian Frontier: Tiv and Kofyar." $111,145. 1994-97. (PI; Co-PI=R. Netting)
  • Wenner-Gren Foundation, "Tiv and Kofyar Agrarian Settlement Systems: A Comparative Study in Historical Ecology." $24,000. 1994-1996. (PI; Co- PI=J. Gbor)

Professional Roles (selected)

  • Advisory Board, Nature Plants (2015-)
  • Editorial Board, CAFE (Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment) (2013-)
  • President, Anthropology & Environment Society (2011-2013)
  • National Science Foundation (Committee of Visitors; review panels for Cultural Anthropology and Dynamics of Coupled Natural/Human Systems)
  • Executive Board, Culture & Agriculture section of AAA (2005-2008)
  • Editorial Board, Current Anthropology (1998-2002)
  • Editorial Board and Book Review Co-editor, American Anthropologist (1997-98)



  • Laboratory work on crop genetic modification (tissue specific transgene expression driven by a cassava-derived PAL promoter), Danforth Plant Science Center, St. Louis. Fall 2001.


  • Agriculture and technology change, Luzon Philippines. 2013-present.
  • Rural Appalachia, 2010-present.
  • Smallholder farming and transgenic crops, Andhra Pradesh India. 2000-2012.
  • Historical ecology of Tiv agriculture and conflict, Plateau State, Nigeria. 1994.
  • Kofyar settlement and agricultural change, Plateau State, Nigeria. 1984 -1985.
  • Minor fieldwork on smallholder farming in KwaZulu-Natal (S. Africa) in 2000, northern Thailand in 2006.


  • Crew Chief, Black Mesa Archaeological Project (Navajo Reservation, Ariz.).1982.
  • Project Director, Zuni Reservation. Tested/excavated PI-PII village site.1981.
  • Curator, State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Archaeological survey for various projects (1979); supervised excavation of two mound groups and five habitation sites (1980).
  • Director, High School & Public Program, Foundation for Illinois Archaeology, Kampsville; field school program with excavations at Archaic, Mississippian, and Woodland sites. 1978.


FieldQuestions: Food Farming and Biotechnology

Selected Publications

with hyperlinks

K.R. Kranthi and G.D. Stone
2020 Long-Term Impacts of Bt Cotton in India (Nature:Plants, with K.R. Kranthi)

D. Glover, S. Kim and G.D. Stone
2020 Golden Rice and Technology Adoption Theory: A Study of Seed Choice Dynamics among Rice Growers in the Philippines (Technology in Society)

C. Almekinders, G.D. Stone and others
2019 Socioecological Interactions amid Global Change. (in Agrobiodiversity: Integrating Knowledge for a Sustainable Future)

2019 New Histories of the Indian Green RevolutionGeographical Journal.

P. Barbillon, A. Flachs, G.D. Stone and others
2019 Epidemiologic network inference. (Statistics and Computing)

2018 The Dubious Virtue of ApostasyThe Common Reader.

A. Flachs, G.D.Stone
2018  Farmer Knowledge Across the Commodification Spectrum:  Rice, Cotton, and Vegetables in TelanganaJournal of Agrarian Change.  

2018 Agriculture as SpectacleJournal of Political Ecology, 25(1).

G.D. Stone
2017 Genetically Modified Organisms.  International Encyclopedia of Anthropology.

2017 Dreading CRISPR: GMO’s, Honest Brokers, and Mertonian TransgressionsGeographical Review.

G. Stone, A. Flachs
2017 The Ox Fall Down: Path Breaking and Technology Treadmills in Indian Cotton Agriculture. Journal of Peasant Studies.

D. Glover and G.D. Stone
2017 Heirloom rice in Ifugao: An anti-commodity in the process of commodification Journal of Peasant Studies.

A. Flachs, G.D. Stone and C. Shaffer
2017 GIS as a Tool for Spatial Modeling in Warangal Cotton Seed Fad Patterns and Farmer Decision-Making.  Human Ecology.

G.D. Stone and D. Glover
2016  Disembedding Grain: Golden Rice, the Green Revolution, and Heirloom Seeds in the Philippines. Agriculture & Human Values 33(1).

2016 Towards a General Theory of Agricultural Knowledge Production: Environmental, Social and Didactic Learning. Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment 38:5-17.

G.D. Stone
2015 Biotechnology, Schismogenesis and the Demise of Uncertainty. Journal of Law and Policy 47:29-49.

G.D.Stone, A.Flachs
2015 Seeking Sustainability for Smallholders: Bt Cotton in India. In Analyses: Africa's Future...Can Biosciences Contribute?, ed P. Mitton and D. Bennett, pp. 119-128.  Banson, Cambridge UK. 

2014 Biosecurity in the Age of Genetic Engineering. In Bioinsecurity and Human Vulnerability, ed Nancy Chen and Lesley Sharp, pp. 71-86. SAR Press.

G.D.Stone, A.Flachs
2014 The Problem with the Farmer's Voice. Agriculture and Human Values 31:649–653.

G.D.Stone, A.Flachs and C.Diepenbrock
2014 Rhythms of the Herd: Long Term Dynamics in Seed Choice by Indian Farmers. Technology in Society 36:26-38.

G.D. Stone
2013 Response to Herring and Rao. Economic and Political Weekly 48(33):70-72..

C.Kudlu and G.D.Stone
2013 The Trials of Genetically Modified Food: Bt Eggplant and Ayurvedic Medicine in India. Food Culture & Society 16:21-42.

G.D. Stone
2013 Review of Seeds, Science and Struggle: The Global Politics of Transgenic Crops by A. Kinchy. Technology and Culture 54(4):990-991.

G.D. Stone
2012 Constructing Facts: Bt Cotton Narratives in India. Economic and Political Weekly 47(38):62-70.

2012 Genetically Modified Crops: From St Louis to India (photo essay). Anthropology News, January.

2012 Review of The Slaw and the Slow Cooked: Culture and Barbecue, ed. J. Veteto and E. Maclin. Culture, Agriculture, Food & Environment 34(2):180-181.

2011 Contradictions in the Last Mile: Suicide, Culture, and E-Agriculture in Rural India. Science, Technology and Human Values 36:759-790.

G.D.Stone and D. Glover
2011 Genetically Modified Crops and the 'Food Crisis': Discourse and Material Impacts. Development in Practice 21:509-516.

REPRINTED IN: Global Food-Price Shocks and Poor People: Themes and Case Studies (2012), ed Marc J. Cohen and Melinda Smale. Routledge, Oxford.

2011 Field vs. Farm in Warangal: Bt Cotton, Higher Yields, and Larger Questions. World Development 39(3):387-398.

2011 Review of Fighting for the Future of Food: Activists vs Agribusiness in the Struggle over Biotechnology, by R. Schurman and W. Munro. Agricultural History 85(4): 562.

2010 Anthropology of Genetically Modified Crops. Annual Review of Anthropology 39:381–400.

2007 The Birth and Death of Traditional Knowledge: Paradoxical Effects of Biotechnology in India. In Biodiversity and the Law: Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge, ed Charles McManis, pp. 207-238. Earthscan.
Media on this research: The Napster pirates of transgenic biotech

2007 Agricultural Deskilling and the Spread of Genetically Modified Cotton in Warangal. Current Anthropology 48:67-103.
Media on this research:
Ganesh and Brahma bow to a new god (
The Independent, London (mirror)
Eenadu, Warangal (Telugu)
Economic Times (India national)
The Hindu (India national)
Times of India (India national)

2005 A Science of the Gray: Malthus, Marx, and the Ethics of Studying Crop Biotechnology. In Embedding Ethics: Shifting Boundaries of the Anthropological Profession, ed L.Meskell and P.Pels, pp. 197-217. Berg, Oxford.

2004 Social Constraints on Biotechnology in Developing Countries. AgBioForum 7(1&2): 75-78.

2004 Biotechnology and the Political Ecology of Information in India. Human Organization 63:127-140.

G.Barkin and G.D.Stone
2004 Fieldnotes as a Website: Integrating Multimedia into Anthropological Documents. Field Methods 16:203-214. [with supplemental website]

2002 Both Sides Now: Fallacies in the Genetic-Modification Wars, Implications for Developing Countries, Anthropological Perspectives (+CA* commentary). Current Anthropology 43:611-630. [with enhanced online
and backgrounder]

2002 Biotechnology and Suicide in India. Anthropology News 46(5):5.

2001 Agricultural Change Theory. International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier Science Ltd.

E.F.Lambin, B.L.Turner... G.D.Stone, et al.
2001 The Causes of Land-use and Land-Cover Change: Moving beyond the Myths. Global Environmental Change 11:261-269.

2001 Theory of the Square Chicken: Advances in Agricultural Intensification Theory. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 42:163-180.

2001 Malthus, Agribusiness, and Death of the Peasantry. Review essay on Hungry for Profit, ed. by Magdoff et al., and The Malthus Factor, by E. Ross. Current Anth 42:575-578.

M.P.Stone and G.D.Stone
2000 Kofyar Women Who Get Ahead: Incentives for Agricultural Commercialization in Nigeria. In Women Farmers and Commercial Ventures: Increasing Food Security in Developing Countries, ed A.Spring, pp. 153-170. Lynne Rienner, Boulder.

G.Barkin and G.D.Stone
2000 Blurring the Lines and Moving the Camera: The Beginnings of Web-Based Scholarship in Anthropology. Social Science Computer Review 18:125-131.

G.D.Stone and C.E.Downum
1999 Non-Boserupian Ecology and Agricultural Risk: Ethnic Politics and Land Control in the Arid Southwest. American Anthropologist 101:113-128. [html]

WINNER: Gordon Willey Prize for best archaeology paper, American Anthropologist 1998-2000.

1998 Keeping the Home Fires Burning: The Changed Nature of Householding in the Kofyar Homeland. Human Ecology 26:239-265.

1998 Settlement Concentration and Dispersal among the Kofyar. In Rural Settlement Structure and African Development, ed M.Silberfein, pp. 75-97. Westview Press, Boulder.

1998 Anthropology: Implications for Form and Content of Web-Based Scholarship. Social Science Computer Review 16:4-15.

1997 Predatory Sedentism: Intimidation and Intensification in the Nigerian Savanna. Human Ecology 25:223-242.

1997 Animated Images: A New Tool for Web-Based Anthropology. Cultural Anthropology Methods 9(1):15-16.

1996 Settlement Ecology: The Social and Spatial Organization of Kofyar Agriculture. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

REVIEWED IN: Amer. Anthrop. 100(1); Amer. Antiquity 63(2); Annals Assoc. Amer. Geog. 88:752; Current Anthrop. 38(5); Geog. Review 87(4); Human Ecology 26(1); J. Regional Science 38 (1); J. of the West 38(1); Land Degradation and Development 12(1).

NAMED AS: Outstanding Publication on Africa, Choice, Feb1999.

M.P.Stone, G.D.Stone and R.M.Netting
1995 The Sexual Division of Labor in Kofyar Agriculture. American Ethnologist 22:165-186.

R.M.Netting, G.D.Stone and M.P.Stone
1995 Social Organization of Agrarian Labor. In Comparative Analysis of Human Societies, ed E.Moran, pp. 55-73. Lynne Rienner, Boulder.

1994 Agricultural Intensification and Perimetrics: Ethnoarchaeological Evidence from Nigeria. Current Anthropology 35:317-324.

R.M.Netting, G.D.Stone and M.P.Stone
1993 Agricultural Expansion, Intensification, and Market Participation among the Kofyar, Jos Plateau, Nigeria. In Population Growth and Agricultural Intensification in Africa, ed B.L.Turner II, G.Hyden and R.Kates, pp. 206 249. Univ. of Florida Press, Gainesville.

1993 Agricultural Abandonment: A Comparative Study in Historical Ecology. In Abandonment of Settlements and Regions: Ethnoarchaeological and
Archaeological Approaches
, ed C.Cameron and S.Tomka, pp. 74-81. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

1993 Agrarian Settlement and the Spatial Disposition of Labor. In Spatial Boundaries and Social Dynamics: Case Studies from Food-Producing
, ed A.Holl and T.Levy. International Monographs in Prehistory, Ethnoarchaeological Series 2, pp. 25-38.

1992 Social Distance, Spatial Relations, and Agricultural Production among the Kofyar of Namu District, Plateau State, Nigeria. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 11:152-172.

1991 Settlement Ethnoarchaeology: Expedition 33(1):16-23.

1991 Agricultural Territories in a Dispersed Settlement System. Current Anthropology 32:343-353.

R.H.Wilshusen and G.D.Stone
1990 An Ethnoarchaeological Perspective on Soils. World Archaeology 22:104-114.

G.D.Stone, R.M.Netting, and M.P.Stone
1990 Seasonality, Labor Scheduling and Agricultural Intensification in the Nigerian Savanna. American Anthropologist 92:7-23.

R.M.Netting, M.P.Stone, and G.D.Stone
1989 Kofyar Cash Cropping: Choice and Change in Indigenous Agricultural Development. Human Ecology 17:299-319.

REPRINTED IN: Case Studies in Human Ecology (1996), ed D.Bates and S.Lees, pp. 327-348. Plenum Press, NY.

G.D.Stone, M.P.Johnson and R.M.Netting
1984 Household Variability and Inequality in Kofyar Subsistence and Cash-Cropping Economies. Journal of Anthropological Research 40:90-108.

REPRINTED IN: Household Economies and Their Transformation (1987), ed M.Maclachlan, pp. 173-197. Univ. Press of America, Lanham.

Recent Media Appearances

  • Secret Ingredient podcast, Feb 2016 (Golden Rice)
  • WV Public Broascasting, Sept 2015 (GM foods)
  • Al Jazeera TV, Jan. 2012. (biopiracy)
  • Down to Earth, Dec 2011. "Farmers in tech trap" (interview).
  • Bat of Minerva, Univ. of Minnesota, Sept 2011 (agriculture).
  • KMOX, Sept 2010 (GM salmon).
  • Science Friday with Ira Flatow, May 5 2010 (GM crops).

Recent Talks

  • 2020 Wageningen Univ. (peasant autonomy workshop)
  • 2019 Colorado St. Univ
  • 2019 Ohio State Univ
  • 2018 Washington & Lee Univ.
  • 2017 Graduate Assn for Food Studies, invited faculty roundtable.
  • 2017 Heidelberg Univ., Agriculture as Performance symposium.
  • 2017 Critical Agrarian Studies meeting, Basque Country.
  • 2017 N Carolina State Univ, Genetic Engineering & Society Colloquium.
  • 2017 N Carolina State Univ., public talk.
  • 2016 University of Virginia, Environmental Humanities Colloquium.
  • 2016 Frankfurt, Germany (Agrodiversity Forum).
  • 2016 Greenbrier Valley Pasture Network, Lewisburg WV.
  • 2016 Secret Ingredient podcast interview on Golden Rice.
  • 2016 Morley Science Medal speech, Western Reserve Academy.
  • 2016 AAA, Minneapolis (symposium, “Experiments on the Island Farm”) Seed Choice and the Information Environment: Rice Farmers and Technology Change on Luzon (with Dominic Glover)
  • 2016 AAA, Minneapolis. Discussant for symposium “Scattered: Genetically Modified Crops in Ethnographic Context.”
  • 2016  Soc. for Applied Anthropology, Vancouver (symposium, “Intersections of Industrial Agriculture with Challenges in the Future”). Food Needs and Industrial Agriculture: 2050 Reconsidered (with Madeleine Daepp).
  • 2015 Dimensions of Political Ecology, Lexington KY (symposium, “Food and its relation(s) to placemaking”).  Situating Rice in the Philippines (with Dominic Glover).
  • 2016 Univ. of Virginia, STS program.
  • 2016 Univ. of Virginia, Environmental Humanities symposium.
  • 2016 Ernst Strüngmann Forum, Frankfurt, invited agrobiodiversity conference (moderator).
  • 2016 Morley Medal Speech, Western Reserve Academy.
  • 2015 Inst. of Development Studies, Sussex.  “Making and Unmaking Agricultural Knowledge.”
  • 2015 Dalhousie Univ. (GMO’s and Poverty Conference).  “New Genetic Engineering Technologies and the Poor.”
  • 2014 AAA, Washington. Discussant for symposium "Food, Climate Change, and Small Family Farms."
  • 2014 AAA, Washington. Roundtable presenter at "Producing the Future of Global Agriculture."
  • 2014 Nat. Academy of Sciences. NRC committee hearing on GE crops. “Science and Uncertainty" (invited presentation at NRC hearings).
  • 2014 Cambridge (Templeton Conference). “Seed Trend Dynamics and GMO Politics.”
  • 2014 Univ. of Cork. “Contested Science of GMO’s.”
  • 2014 Univ. of N. Carolina Charlotte, "GMO Ethics."
  • 2013 Wageningen Univ., Netherlands.
  • 2013 Univ. of Heidelberg, Germany, keynote talk "Power, Experiment, and Knowledge in Agriculture."
  • 2013 AAA, Chicago (symposium, "Roboprocesses"). Anti-Performance Machines.
  • 2013 AAA, Chicago. Discussant for symposium "Seeds of Resistance/Seeds of Hope."
  • 2013 Univ. of Missouri, "Transgenics: Cotton and Rice."
  • 2013, Lynchburg College. "Frankenfoods and Free Will."
  • 2013, Dartmouth College. "Sustainability and the Information Divide: GM Crops and Local Farms."
  • 2013 Indiana Univ. (Sawyer Seminar). "Small Farm Food Politics."
  • 2013 Indiana Univ. "GM Cotton and Rice in India."
  • 2012 AAA, San Francisco (AAA Task Force on World Food Problems symposium), “Potential Contributions of Three GM Crops to Food Security.”
  • 2012 AAA, San Francisco (symposium, “Knowledge Boundaries”). “Globalization and Indigenous Management Skill.” (with Andrew Flachs and Christine Diepenbrock)
  • 2012 AAA, San Francisco (symposium, “Producing the Countryside: Industry and Sustainability”). “Libertarians and Lefties: Politics of Virginia Alternative Farms.”
  • 2012 Yale Univ. “Your Own Facts: Epistemological Entitlement and Bt Cotton in India.”
  • 2012 Dalhousie Univ. “Activists, Economists and GMOs: Unanswered Questions in India.”
  • 2012 Northwestern U. Human Rights Conference, invited speaker.
  • 2011 AAA, Montreal. "Bob Netting, Men-Tor."
  • 2011 School of Advanced Research. Bioinsecurity seminar. "Bioinsecurity in the Age of Genetic Engineering."
  • 2011 Univ. Minnesota. "Known Unknowns: The Problem with GMO Research."
  • 2011 Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena Germany.
  • 2011 Yale Univ., Agriculture Study Group.
  • 2010 Penn State, Anthropology Dept. "Micro and Macro Perspectives on Crop Biotechnology"
  • 2010 AAA, New Orleans. "GMO's and Food Crises Past and Future" at symposium on the AAA Task Force on the World Food Crisis.
  • 2009 AAA, Philadelphia. Co-organizer of symposium, "The Worst Plant in the World." Paper entitled "Cotton: The Fabric of Our Lives."
  • 2009 AAA, Philadelphia. Discussant for symposium, "Food, Fiber, & Flower: Governing Agrarian Environments in the Global Marketplace".
  • 2009 M.I.T., STS Program. “Agricultural Biotechnology: Bollworms, Bt, the Group Dynamics of Agricultural Performance."
  • 2009 Soc. for Applied Anthro, Santa Fe. Presidential plenary session, “The Current World Food Crisis: Anthropological Perspectives.” Paper entitled “Genetically Modified Crops and the Food Crisis.”

Overseas Programs

Village India Program

Courses Taught

  • Political Ecology (grad/undergrad seminar)
  • Brave New Crops: Politics and Biology of Genetically Modified Crops (upperlevel undergrad)
  • Anthropology of Food (grad/undergrad seminar)
  • Land Dynamics and Environment: Scientific, Cultural, Policy (undergrad, taught with geologist & pol. scientist)
  • Africa: Peoples and Cultures (undergrad)
  • Ecological Anthropology (grad/undergrad)
  • Proposal Writing (grad seminar)
  • Analytic Methods in Anthropology (grad)
  • Culture and Environment (undergrad)
  • Method and Theory in Archaeology (grad core course)
  • Archaeology of the American Southwest (grad/undergrad)
  • Principles of Archaeology (undergrad survey course)
  • The Strategy of Archaeology (undergrad methods course)
  • Quantitative Thinking in Anthropology (undergrad)
  • Origins of Human Society (intro)
  • Human Origins (intro)


Glenn Davis Stone
Dept. of Anthropology
Washington University
St. Louis, MO 63130-4899

Dept: 314.935.5252
Fax: 314.935.8535
Email: stone/at/