Supreme Court decisions on New Deal Programs, 1934-1942

CitationDatePartiesVoteDecisionMajority opinionDissent(s)
290 U.S. 398 (1934)01/08/34Home Bldg. & Loan Ass'n v. Blaisdell5-4Minnesota moratorium on mortgages held constitutionalHughesButler, McReynolds, Sutherland, Van Devanter
291 U.S. 502 (1934)03/05/34Nebbia v. People of State of New York5-4N.Y. board to set min. and max. retail prices for milk held constitutionalRobertsButler, McReynolds, Sutherland, Van Devanter
293 U.S. 388 (1935)01/07/35Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan8-1"Hot oil" provision of NIRA held unconstitutionalHughesCardozo
294 U.S. 317 (1935)02/18/35Gold Clause Cases: Nortz v. U.S., Perry v. U.S.,U.S. v. Bankers Trust, and Norman v. B&O RR5-4America's going off the gold standard held constitutionalHughesButler, McReynolds, Sutherland, Van Devanter
       
295 U.S. 330 (1935)05/06/35Railroad Retirement Board v. Alton R. Co.5-4Railroad Pension Act held unconstitutionalRobertsBrandeis, Cardozo, Hughes, Stone
295 U.S. 495 (1935)05/27/35A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States9-0NIRA held unconstitutionalHughes-
295 U.S. 602 (1935)05/27/35Humphrey's Ex'r v. United States9-0Humphrey's dismissal from FTC ruled to have been unjustifiedSutherland-
295 U.S. 555 (1935)05/27/35Louisville Joint Stock Land Bank v. Radford9-0Frazier-Lemke Act (mortgage moratoria) held unconstitutionalBrandeis-
297 U.S. 1 (1936)01/06/36U.S. v. Butler6-3AAA processing tax held unconstitutionalRobertsBrandeis, Cardozo, Stone
297 U.S. 266 (1936)02/10/36Mayflower Farms Inc. v. Ten Eyck6-3NY entry barrier in dairy industry held unconstitutional -- hence Nebbia did not kill off LochnerRobertsCardozo, Bradeis, Stone
297 U.S. 288 (1936)02/17/36Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority8-1Operation of TVA's Wilson Dam held constitutionalHughes-
298 U.S. 238 (1936)05/18/36Carter v. Carter Coal Co.6-3Bituminous Coal Conservation Act held unconstitutionalSutherlandBrandeis, Cardozo, Stone
298 U.S. 587 (1936)06/01/36Morehead v. New York ex rel. Tipaldo5-4N.Y. minimum wage law held unconstitutionalButlerBrandeis, Cardozo, Hughes, Stone
300 U.S. 379 (1937)03/29/37West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish5-4Washington State minimum wage law for women held constitutionalHughesButler, McReynolds, Sutherland, Van Devanter
301 U.S. 1 (1937)04/12/37N.L.R.B. v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.5-4Wagner Act held constitutionalHughesButler, McReynolds, Sutherland, Van Devanter
301 U.S. 58 (1937)04/12/37N.L.R.B. v. Friedman-Harry Marks Clothing Co.5-4Wagner Act constitutional for a small companyHughesButler, Reynolds, Sutherland, Van Devanter
301 U.S. 495 (1937)05/24/37Carmichael v. Southern Coal & Coke Co.6-3Old-age pensions provision of Social Security Act held constitutionalStoneButler, Sutherland, Van Devanter
301 U.S. 548 (1937)05/24/37Chas. C. Steward Mach. Co. v. Davis5-4Unemployment insurance provision of Social Security Act held constitutionalCardozoButler, McReynolds, Sutherland, Van Devanter
301 U.S. 619 (1937)05/24/37Helvering v. Davis7-2Unemployment insurance provision of Social Security Act held constitutionalCardozoButler, McReynolds
304 U.S. 64 (1938)04/25/38Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins6-2state law (incl. court decisions) contradicting contract liberty held constitutional, killing off Lochner.HughesButler, McReynolds
304 U.S. 144 (1938)04/25/38U.S. v. Carolene Products6-1ruled Federal Filled Milk Act constitutional; enunciated "rational basis" test, creating presumption in favor of regulatory legislationStoneMcReynolds
312 U.S. 100 (1941)02/03/41U.S. v. Darby8-0ruled Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, prohibiting interstate shipment of goods made by child labor or by workers earning less than the national minimum wage, constitutional (reversing Hammer v. Dagenhart, 247 U.S. 251 (1918))Stone-
317 U.S. 111 (1942)11/09/42Wickard v. Filburn9-0ruled that wheat a farmer grows for private consumption affects interstate commerce; hence fines under the Agricultural Adjustment Act are constitutionalJackson-
Original table researched and prepared by Rene Lindstaedt