Carlson BA, Sisneros JA, Popper AN, Fay RR (In Press) Electroreception: Fundamental Insights from Comparative Approaches. Springer Handbook of Auditory Research. Springer.

Carlson BA (In Press) Evolution of sub-millisecond temporal coding in vertebrate electrosensory and auditory systems. In: Electroreception: Fundamental Insights from Comparative Approaches (Carlson BA, Sisneros JA, Popper AN and Fay RR, eds.), Springer Handbook of Auditory Research. Springer.

Carlson BA, Sisneros JA (In Press) A Brief History of Electrogenesis and Electroreception in Fishes. In: Electroreception: Fundamental Insights from Comparative Approaches (Carlson BA, Sisneros JA, Popper AN and Fay RR, eds.), Springer Handbook of Auditory Research. Springer.

Sukhum KV, Freiler MK, Carlson BA (In Press) Intraspecific energetic trade-offs and costs of encephalization vary from interspecific relationships in three species of mormyrid electric fishes. Brain Behavior and Evolution.

Vélez A, Ryoo D and Carlson BA (2019) Sensory specializations of mormyrid fishes are associated with species differences in electric signal localization behavior. Brain Behavior and Evolution 92: 125-141 [PDF]

Baker CA and Carlson BA (2019) Electric signals. In: Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior (Choe JC, ed.), 2nd ed, pp. 474-486. Elsevier. [PDF]



Sukhum KV, Shen J, and Carlson BA (2018) Extreme enlargement of the cerebellum in a clade of teleost fishes that evolved a novel active sensory system. Current Biology 28: 1-7. [PDF] [PhysOrg] [Science Daily] [] [Futurity] [Washington University]



Carlson BA (2017) Early life experiences have complex and long-lasting effects on behavior. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 114: 11571-1573. [PDF]

Vélez A, Kohashi T, Lu A and Carlson BA (2017) The cellular and circuit basis for evolutionary change in sensory perception in mormyrid fishes. Scientific Reports 7: 3783. [open access]



Sukhum KV, Freiler MK, Wang R and Carlson BA (2016) The costs of a big brain: extreme encephalization results in higher energetic demand and reduced hypoxia tolerance in weakly electric African fishes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 283: 20162157. [PDF] [Supplement] [United Press International] [Neuroscience News] [PhysOrg] [Science Daily] [Science Newsline] [Natural Science News] [Medical News Today] [Tech Times] [Jerusalem Post] [NSF] [Washington University]

Baker CA, Ma L, Casareale C and Carlson BA (2016) Behavioral and single-neuron sensitivity to millisecond variations in temporally patterned communication signals. The Journal of Neuroscience 36: 8985-9000. [PDF]

Vélez A and Carlson BA (2016) Detection of transient synchrony across oscillating receptors by the central electrosensory system of mormyrid fish. eLife 5: e16851. [open access]

Carlson BA (2016) Differences in electrosensory anatomy and social behavior in an area of sympatry between two species of mormyrid electric fishes. Journal of Experimental Biology 219: 31-43. [PDF]



Baker CA, Huck KR and Carlson BA (2015) Peripheral sensory coding through oscillatory synchrony in weakly electric fish. eLife 4: e08163. [open access] [Washington University] [Eurekalert] [PhysOrg] [Electronics Weekly] [Newswise] [Futurity] [redOrbit]

Carlson BA (2015) Animal behavior: Electric eels amp up for an easy meal. Current Biology 25: R1070-R1072. [PDF]



Baker CA and Carlson BA (2014) Short-term depression, temporal summation, and onset inhibition shape interval tuning in midbrain neurons. The Journal of Neuroscience 34: 14272-14287. [PDF]

Kohashi T and Carlson BA (2014) A fast BK-type KCa current acts as a postsynaptic modulator of temporal selectivity for communication signals. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience 8: 286. [open access]



Lyons-Warren AM, Kohashi T, Mennerick S and Carlson BA (2013) Detection of submillisecond spike timing differences based on delay-line anti-coincidence detection. Journal of Neurophysiology 110: 2295-2311. [PDF]

Stevens JA, Sukhum KV and Carlson BA (2013) Independent evolution of visual and electrosensory specializations in different lineages of mormyrid electric fishes. Brain Behavior and Evolution 82: 185-198. [editor's choice open access]

Carlson BA and Gallant JR (2013) From sequence to spike to spark: Evo-devo-neuroethology of electric communication in mormyrid fishes. Journal of Neurogenetics 27: 106-129. [PDF]

Ma X, Kohashi T and Carlson BA (2013) Extensive excitatory network interactions shape temporal processing of communication signals in a model sensory system. Journal of Neurophysiology 110: 456-469. [PDF]

Baker CA, Kohashi T, Lyons-Warren AM, Ma X and Carlson BA (2013) Multiplexed temporal coding of electric communication signals in mormyrid fishes. The Journal of Experimental Biology 216: 2365-2379. [PDF] [Inside JEB]

Lyons-Warren AM, Kohashi T, Mennerick S and Carlson BA (2013) Retrograde fluorescent labeling allows for targeted extracellular single-unit recording from identified neurons in vivoJournal of Visualized Experiments 76: e3921. [open access]



Klug A, Borst JGG, Carlson BA, Kopp-Scheinpflug C, Klyachko VA and Xu-Friedman MA (2012) How do short-term changes at synapses fine-tune information processing? The Journal of Neuroscience 32: 14058-14063. [PDF]

Lyons-Warren AM, Hollmann M and Carlson BA (2012) Sensory receptor diversity establishes a peripheral population code for stimulus duration at low intensities. The Journal of Experimental Biology 215: 2586-2600. [PDF]

Carlson BA (2012) Diversity matters: The importance of comparative studies and the potential for synergy between neuroscience and evolutionary biology. Archives of Neurology 69: 987-993. [PDF] [Read the critique by Hansen & Greek, followed by my response]

Tricas TC and Carlson BA (2012) Electroreceptors and magnetoreceptors. In: Cell Physiology Sourcebook (Sperelakis N, ed.), 4th ed, pp. 705-725. Elsevier. [PDF]



Carlson BA, Hasan SM, Hollmann M, Miller DB, Harmon LJ and Arnegard ME (2011) Brain evolution triggers increased diversification of electric fishes. Science 332: 583-586. [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF] [Supplement] [Faculty of 1000 "Exceptional"] [Science] [Discover] [Science News] [Science Daily] [PhysOrg] [The Naked Scientists] [Washington University] [Eurekalert] [Wired] [redOrbit] [Futurity] [Gizmodo] [io9]

George AA, Lyons-Warren AM, Ma X and Carlson BA (2011) A diversity of synaptic filters are created by temporal summation of excitation and inhibition. The Journal of Neuroscience 31: 14721-14734. [PDF]

Carlson BA and Arnegard ME (2011) Neural innovations and the diversification of African weakly electric fishes. Communicative & Integrative Biology 4: 720-725. [open access]

Gallant JR, Arnegard ME, Sullivan JP, Carlson BA and Hopkins CD (2011). Signal variation and its morphological correlates in Paramormyrops kingsleyae provide insight into the evolution of electrogenic signal diversity in mormyrid electric fish. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 197: 799-817. [PDF] [Supplement]

Carlson BA (2011) Detection and generation of electric signals in fishes: An introduction. In: Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology: From Genome to Environment (Farrell AP, ed.), vol. 1, pp. 347-349. Academic Press. [PDF]



Carlson BA (2009) Temporal-pattern recognition by single neurons in a sensory pathway devoted to social communication behavior. The Journal of Neuroscience 29: 9417-9428. [PDF] [Faculty of 1000 "Must Read"] [This Week in the Journal]

Carlson BA (2009) Temporal coding in electroreception. In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (Binder MD, Hirokawa N, Windhorst U, Hirsch MC, eds.), pp. 4039-4044. Springer. [PDF]

Carlson BA (2009) Reafferent control in electric communication. In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (Binder MD, Hirokawa N, Windhorst U, Hirsch MC, eds.), pp. 3368-3373. Springer. [PDF]



Carlson BA and Kawasaki M (2008) From stimulus estimation to combination sensitivity: Encoding and processing of amplitude and timing information in parallel, convergent sensory pathways. Journal of Computational Neuroscience 25: 1-24. [PDF]

Carlson BA (2008) Phantoms in the brain: Ambiguous representations of stimulus amplitude and timing in weakly electric fish. Journal of Physiology - Paris 102: 209-222. [PDF]

Carlson BA and Kawasaki M (2007) Behavioral responses to jamming and 'phantom' jamming stimuli in the weakly electric fish Eigenmannia. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 193: 927-941. [PDF]

Carlson BA and Kawasaki M (2006) Stimulus selectivity is enhanced by voltage-dependent conductances in combination-sensitive neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology 96: 3362-3377. [PDF] [Models available at Yale ModelDB]

Carlson BA and Kawasaki M (2006) Ambiguous encoding of stimuli by primary sensory afferents causes a lack of independence in the perception of multiple stimulus attributes. The Journal of Neuroscience 26: 9173-9183. [PDF] [Models available at Yale ModelDB]

Carlson BA (2006) A neuroethology of electrocommunication: Senders, receivers, and everything in between. In: Communication in Fishes (Ladich F, Collin SP, Moller P, Kapoor BG, eds.), pp. 805-848. Science Publishers. [PDF]

Caputi AA, Carlson BA, and Macadar O (2005) Electric organs and their control. In: Electroreception (Bullock TH, Hopkins CD, Popper A, Fay RR, eds.), pp. 410-451. Springer. [PDF]

Arnegard ME and Carlson BA (2005) Electric organ discharge patterns during group hunting by a mormyrid fish. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 272: 1305-1314. [PDF] [Wissenschaft Online]

Carlson BA and Kawasaki M (2004) Nonlinear response properties of combination-sensitive electrosensory neurons in the midbrain of Gymnarchus niloticusThe Journal of Neuroscience 24: 8039-8048. [PDF] [Faculty of 1000 "Recommended"] [This Week in the Journal]



Carlson BA and Hopkins CD (2004) Stereotyped temporal patterns in electrical communication. Animal Behaviour 68: 867-878. [PDF]

Carlson BA and Hopkins CD (2004) Central control of electric signaling behavior in the mormyrid Brienomyrus brachyistius: Segregation of behavior-specific inputs and the role of modifiable recurrent inhibition. The Journal of Experimental Biology 207: 1073-1084. [PDF] [Inside JEB]

Carlson BA (2003) Single-unit activity patterns in nuclei that control the electromotor command nucleus during spontaneous electric signal production in the mormyrid Brienomyrus brachyistiusThe Journal of Neuroscience 23: 10128-10136. [PDF]

Carlson BA (2002) Neuroanatomy of the mormyrid electromotor control system. The Journal of Comparative Neurology 454: 440-455. [PDF]

Carlson BA (2002) Electric signaling behavior and the mechanisms of electric organ discharge production in mormyrid fish. Journal of Physiology - Paris 96: 403-417. [PDF]

Carlson BA, Hopkins CD and Thomas P (2000) Androgen correlates of socially induced changes in the electric organ discharge waveform of a mormyrid fish. Hormones and Behavior 38: 177-186. [PDF]

Carlson BA and Bass AH (2000) Sonic/vocal motor pathways in squirrelfish (Teleostei, Holocentridae).Brain Behavior and Evolution 56: 14-28. [PDF]



To see Bruce's publications on Google Scholar, click here

To see Bruce's publications on PubMed, click here