November 19, 2017

Meet Britain's Surprising New Pedigree Dog Breed- The Jack Russell Terrier

Until 2016, the Jack Russell Terrier was not recognized in the UK as an official pedigree breed, rather as a “type” of Russell Terrier due to its wide diversity. It was first bred in the UK around 1819 as a small, under 12” terrier, whereas Parson Russells were a larger version around 13”-14.” In 2016, the Kennel Club decided to official recognize the Jack Russell for the purpose of protecting its heritage and helping prospective dog owners trying to choose a dog compatible with their lifestyle. By recording Jack Russell births and drafting a Breed Standard, the Kennel Club promotes the responsible breeding of Jack Russells. The implementation of a Breed Standard ensures that the Jack Russells bred are healthy and the regulations that a Breed Standard provides allow potential owners to know the predictable characteristics of their future pet.

The Terrier group dogs were originally bred for hunting vermin, and many breeds in this group, like the Jack Russell, are still used for hunting today. They retain the selected-for characteristics vital for hunting such as bravery, toughness, and the ability to find vermin above and below ground. These traits mean that the Jack Russell is very energetic and intelligent, so it needs space to exercise and does not enjoy being left alone. The existence of a Breed Standard allows potential owners to be aware of these traits, as well as any genetic predisposition to inherited health conditions or illnesses associated with the breed, before acquiring a Jack Russell.

The Kennel Club, 2015. Meet Britain’s Surprising New Pedigree Dog Breed- The Jack Russell Terrier. The Kennel Club

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Reviewed by: Katie Snodgrass